Top 20 Endemic Species in the Galapagos #313 Mar 2015, Posted by Galapagos Islands Blog in
- Blue Footed Booby
These unusual birds have blue feet due to their special diet. The blue footed booby performs a special dance to attract a mate.
- Galapagos Hawk
With only 200 breeding pairs left, this predator has been hunted nearly to extinction by farmers who don’t want it to eat their chickens. Mainly, the hawk dines on lizards and large insects. It may occasionally catch a tortoise or iguana hatchling.
- Galapagos Magnificent Frigatebird
Although these birds are migratory in South America, the Galapagos colony is believed to be a distinct breed. They are easy to recognize by their striking red throat pouch. Males puff up their pouches to attract a female.
- Galapagos Waved Albatross
The waved albatross is another migrant that is believed to be endemic to the Galapagos. The islands are their mating grounds. The birds clack their long yellow beaks together while mating, seemingly kissing one another. Their large wingspan, typical of the albatross species, allows them to return easily to the Galapagos for mating and nesting each year.
- Galapagos Mockingbird
This mockingbird, unusual in color and pattern, is another endemic species that Darwin studied closely. In adaption to its surroundings, this species hunts its prey by running rather than relying solely on flight.